Art

Magnificent Art Nouveau Architecture of the Great Antoni Gaudí

Celebrated for his colorful creations and avant-garde approach to Nouveau architecture, Antoni Gaudí is held as a key figure in the modernist movement. In addition to introducing Spain to the Art Nouveau style, the Spanish creative is renowned for the eclectic-yet-unified nature of his projects. Though most of these works are found in and around Barcelona, his influences can be found throughout all of Europe and beyond.

Here, we present the unique aesthetic and artistic genius of Gaudí, as we trace the evolution of his personal style, explore the movements that inspired him, and take a closer look at 5 of his most well-known, world-famous works.

Nouveau Architecture of the Great Antoni Gaudí

As Gaudí’s first major commission, Casa Vicens in Barcelona is one of the architect’s most important creations. Constructed between 1883 and 1885, the house is celebrated as a premiere example of Art Nouveau architecture. Specifically, with its Moorish influences—including painted mosaics, repeating geometric patterns, and multifoil arches—it is regarded as a catalyst of Catalan Modernisme.

Built between 1895 and 1897, the Bodegas Güell, or Güell Wine Cellar, is a complex commissioned by Eusebi Güell. After viewing Gaudí’s piece at the Paris World’s Fair, Güell asked the architect to design a winery in the seaside village of Garraf.

The Bodegas Güell captures Gaudí’s interest in Neo-Gothic architecture. As its stone façade features steeply slanted roofs, several arches, and stylized spires.

Güell was so pleased with Gaudí’s work that, in 1900. He commissioned him to design a housing site on a Barcelona hilltop. While the initial plan fell through, it has since been adapted into a park. With Gaudí’s original work serving as the main attraction.

Renowned for its polychromatic mosaics, fanciful pinnacles, and stone grottos, the park exhibits the extent of the architect’s flamboyant style. Featuring Gaudí’s typical focus on fluid, naturalist forms, it is now regarded as one of his most iconic creations.

BODEGAS GÜELL

CASA BATLLÓ

Situated in Barcelona’s bustling center, Casa Batlló is one of Gaudí’s most well-known houses. In 1904, he was commissioned by Josep Batlló—a textile tycoon— to renovate the building, which was originally built in 1877. Unhappy with the home’s conventional look and inspired by Gaudí’s avant-garde designs for Park Güell. Batlló hoped that the architect could transform the home into a modern masterpiece.

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